Farquhar Atoll

Farquhar Atoll lies 770 kilometers south-southwest of Victoria. It is the largest true atoll of Seychelles, covering an area of about 17,800 hectares. There are ten islands. The two main islands, North Island and South Island, make up 97% of the landmass of 799 hectares. These are separated by three small islands known as the Manahas. Three other islands lie in close proximity to each other on the northern rim of the atoll, Déposés, Ile du Milieu and Lapins. Banc du Sables is the most easterly island and Goëlettes is the most southerly island. The lagoon has a maximum depth of 14.6 meters. It was named in honor of Sir Robert Farquhar in 1824, appointed governor of Mauritius when it was captured from the French (in 1810). Earlier visitors had named it after Portuguese explorer Joao da Nova who commanded that nation’s third expedition to India during which he encountered Farquhar (in 1504)

A Conservation Centre is run by Island Conservation Society. The islets of Farquhar (excluding North, South and the Manahas) form an Important Bird Area. Goëlettes is the most interesting for birds, including a huge seasonal colony of Sooty Terns. Roseate Tern (the most southerly breeding site in Seychelles) and Brown Noddy also breed. Red-footed Booby breed mainly on South Island, including the only breeding population of white-tailed brown morph in Seychelles. In 2006, ICS recorded a previously unknown colony of Black-naped Terns, the largest population in Seychelles. Studies by Seychelles Fishing Authority have shown that the abundance of some grouper species is three times greater than in the north Amirantes and up to thirty times than in the granitic. The density of Napoleon Wrasse is phenomenal, possibly the highest in the world. On the edge of the reef, at certain times of year, there are spawning aggregations of thousands of Camouflage Grouper and Brown-marbled Grouper. Farquhar is also an important nesting site for turtles. Other fauna of interest includes the Gold-dust Gecko and Coconut Crab.